Setting up a proper Linux environment on Synology DS412+

We recently got a Synology DS412+ as an office NAS. First thing to do is to set up a proper Linux environment on the device.

Gaining root on Synology NAS is easy – just log in as root with the same password as admin. However, most (all?) commands are mapped to BusyBox, which provides watered-down version of many *nix commands. Good thing is there’s an active modding community and it’s also sanctioned by Synology. A good place to start is here.

First install the bootstrap

cd /tmp
chmod u+x syno-i686-bootstrap_1.2-7_i686.xsh

Then install optware-devel, which installs many of the common *nix tools and binaries for building programs from tar source.

/opt/bin/ipkg install optware-devel

Unfortunately, installation fails halfway ‘cos wget-ssl which is included in optware-devel conflicts with the wget installed.

# ipkg install -verbose_wget wget-ssl
Installing wget-ssl (1.12-2) to root...
Nothing to be done
An error ocurred, return value: 1.
Collected errors:
ERROR: The following packages conflict with wget-ssl:

Someone posted a solution here and here, but both are for arm-based devices. Digging further, I found the source of the i686 packages here and with that the problem is resolved.

cd /tmp
wget ''
wget ''
ipkg remove wget
ipkg install libidn_1.25-1_i686.ipk
ipkg install wget-ssl_1.12-2_i686.ipk

export PATH=/opt/bin:$PATH
ipkg update
ipkg install optware-devel

The export step is important, ‘cos it will make ipkg use the new wget.

A few other things to finish up,

  • ipkg install util-linux
  • install bash, vim, screen
  • change default root shell to /opt/bin/bash,
  • add /opt/bin to PATH in .profile,
  • set PS1=’\h:\w\$ ‘

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